How To Engage Students in the First few Minutes of a Lesson
How To Engage Students in the First few Minutes of a Lesson

I have a wonderful friend who is currently a student teacher. I absolutely love chatting to her about her experiences and questions, as she challenges me to reflect on my own practice: to re-evaluate my strategies; to work out what it is I do and why; to tweak what isn’t working. Her questions are always intelligent, thought-provoking and full of exciting curiosity – she is going to make an exceptional teacher.

A few weeks ago she asked me how to get students to ‘come to the party’; how to entice them to engage and participate in the learning experience so that it wasn’t a one-sided affair.

Yikes! What a question.

This got me thinking and I came to an interesting realisation: In the first five minutes, I can tell how a lesson is going to be received. Really. If, after the introductory minutes, my student have already slumped down into their seats, are gazing out the window or surreptitiously texting under their desks (yes, we do realize that is what you are doing; we don’t think that you are just staring at your crotch), then I know my job for the next 45 minutes is going to be a lot more difficult.

I set the scene for my lesson in those first five minutes. Somehow, I need to ‘hook’ them in, pique their interest, give them a reason to be invested in what they are going to learn.

I realise this is no small feat, so here are 5 tips for breaking with routine and shaking things up at the start of the lesson:

1. Rearrange the desks.
It really is as simple as that: play with the layout of the room. The school day is habitual and routine and students become lazy in their comfort; so shake them out of it! Move the desks into pairs one day, into groups the next, in a circle the point1following day. I find that whenever I do this, the students come in and do a ‘double take’. Almost every student stops and asks, “What are we doing today?” Already they are invested; they are primed for learning.

2. Tell them not to take out their books.
point2As with the first point, this one is about defying their expectations. They expect the settle-down-and-take-out-your-books comment. They expect the lesson to start with shuffling and murmuring and general commotion. So surprise them; tell them to leave all their things packed away, to have a clean desk in front of them. They will be curious (and possibly quite excited at the thought of no ‘real work’), and they will be listening for what comes next. So make it count.

3. Ask a thought-provoking question.
After perhaps starting the class with the first or second point, you might consider throwing out a thought-provoking question, or writing a quotation on the board which relates to what you wish to cover in that lesson. For example: If you are planning to study Dylan Thomas’ poem, ‘Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night’, you could ask students, “Do you think one ever gets to a point when one is ready to die?” Anything which gets point4students engaging with the topic, so that when they come to the poem (or whatever the lesson is about), they are already invested in the topic, interested to see if their ideas were valid or echoed by the poet, and they are more likely to engage.

4. Play a video clip.
point3Students these days are visual learners; they spend so much of their time in front of screens (TV, cell phones, computers etc.) and using technology, that if they walk into a classroom devoid of these methods of engagement, they immediately shut-off and are disinterested. So incorporate technology in a meaningful way in the classroom. Start with a video clip which relates to the lesson: a recording of a poem being read; a TEDx talk; a music video; a scene from a play acted out – there are a variety of ways to do this and I promise you, it will make your students sit up and take notice.

5. Play a game.
I hear you: “What? Waste valuable instructional time playing games? We already have too much to cover.” I agree. But I don’t mean a game which will take twenty minutes to play and I don’t suggest you do this every lesson. But every now and then (again with the element of surprise), start the lesson with a quick game, which takes less than five minutes. Perhaps play Hangman with the topic of the lesson as they word they have to guess. Pick a few students to havepoint5 a quick game of Word Tennis. Play Two Truths and a Lie about the poet/author whose work you are studying. I find this to be a great way to start the class as it gets my students in a good mood; helps them switch off from whichever class they have just come from; gets the endorphins flowing from the laughter.

These were my initial thoughts when my friend posed the question to me. I won’t stop thinking about this and will continue to look for new and exciting ways to entice my students! I would love to hear any ideas you have, or what has worked in your classroom.

For more engaging lessons which stimulate learning and engage students, check out my lesson plans by clicking here.

Posted by staceylloyd 18 Comments


  • Joan Giardina says:

    Thanks, it’s helpful to think along these lines. You sound like a thoughtful, careful educator, so you should know that you “pique” someone’s interest, or excite it, stimulate it. It doesn’t make sense that you would peek at, or take a quickly, sneaky look at their interest, does it?

  • Cheryl says:

    These are great ideas, and ones which I will remember to put to use this year. Some I’ve done, but really, unless the activity/lesson specifically required it, I wouldn’t have thought to rearrange desks just for kicks. Saving this post – thanks!

  • Hullo, hullo! I found you via Pinterest – ah, interwebs! – and I hope you don’t mind, but I would like to quote you verbatim on my own blog. It’s a style blog, yes, but I’m also a high school English teacher and every Sunday, I have a feature called “5 Things” where I showcase 5 random things that have nothing to do with style or fashion. As we are starting the new year in a few short weeks (Eep! So not ready to surrender my summer!), I think this would make a great feature. And I would definitely credit you and link to your site, of course.

    Would love to hear back from you! :D

    Maricel @ My Closet Catalogue

    • staceylloyd says:

      Hi Maricel, thank you for your lovely comment and I am honoured that you would want to share my post. Absolutely you can feature it on your blog – however, as you say, please do make it clear that it is written by me with the appropriate links and credit. Thank you so much for your interest! Warm regards.

  • […] Minutes? How to Engage Students in the First few MinutesStacey Lloyd Teaching. 5 Simple Ways to Engage Students in the First few Minutes of a Lesson I have a wonderful friend […]

  • These are great tips! I think games definitely have their place when they are short and still provide learning material.

  • this domain says:

    When someone writes an article he/she retains the plan of a user in his/her mind that how a user can be aware of it.
    Therefore that’s why this piece of writing is great. Thanks!

  • URL says:

    … [Trackback]

    […] There you will find 2013 more Infos: […]

  • Joan Segre says:

    Thanks for sharing Stacey! These are great tips, most of which I do at times.
    I’m a high school English teacher and am very passionate. Love the rearrangement of the classroom!

  • Mary Alice Walker says:

    Thanks for your ideas. I sometimes forget to hook them!

  • Carissa says:

    I love playing Two Truths and a Lie or Hangman about the author/topic of the day! What a great way to get students engaged and hopefully set the pace for the class.

  • Maggie says:

    Great suggestions. I use them most myself. I can also suggest starting the lesson using an image or a popular song related to the topic. Students find striking to see they’re learning to understand the world in our class –I teach social sciences, by the way.

    I will go through your blog, for sure. It’s really nice to read a teacher full of ideas!

  • Great tips – even though I could definitely not do #2:
    To our students #2 (especially in combination with any of the others) just means ‘surprise test’. I would shock them out of their socks every time I did that :)

  • Naeem Ullah says:

    Suggestion are really great but think of a school where there is no facility of playing games or videos. Mostly u r dealing WD bare hands and catching the attention of class then what will u do? Pardon me mam yr tactics are all for the developing nations where classrooms are mostly equipped WD high class modern teaching aids. Ask me how can I hypnatise my students for new lesson. Shortly yr whole end.system is mechanised i.e y yr students are conceptually strong but mentally and physically lazy.

    • staceylloyd says:

      Thank you so much for taking the time to comment – you make some interesting points. However, with all due respect, I have to disagree with you. Only one of my five points requires technology – point 4 – the other four points don’t. In fact, I have spent the majority of my teaching career working in a developing nation, teaching in a classroom without even a computer, let alone projectors and other modern gadgets. Yet I still managed to use the majority of these tips and found they were effective for shaking students out of their comfort zones and engaging them in the lesson. I wish you all the best! Regards, Stacey

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

9 − five =

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>